Dwdm tutorial point pdf

It also supports point to point linear, ring and meshcapable networks and is 2. Pdf in the 1980s optical communications systems smoothly. Ordering points to identify the clustering structure 473. In other words, we can say that data mining is mining knowledge from data. The data warehousing and data mining pdf notes dwdm pdf notes data warehousing and data mining notes pdf dwdm notes pdf. In 1995, longhaul carriers in the united states started deploying point to point wdm transmission systems to upgrade the capacity of their networks while leveraging their existing fiber infrastructures. Optical networks are telecommunications network of high capacity. This tutorial adopts a stepbystep approach to explain all the necessary concepts of. It is independent of application software, hardware and operating system also called machine independent. Data mining is also called as knowledge discovery, knowledge extraction, data pattern analysis, information harvesting, etc. A data warehouse is constructed by integrating data from multiple heterogeneous sources. Contents iii introduction to dwdm technology ol088401 preface vii additional reading vii chapter 1 introducing dwdm 11 global network hierarchy 11 economic forces bandwidth demand competition and reliability 14 options for increasing carrier bandwidth 15 increase the bit rate 15 increase the number of wavelengths 16 timedivision multiplexing 16 sonet and tdm 16. Data mining tutorial with what is data mining, techniques, architecture, history, tools.

Pdf a tutorial on physicallayer impairments in optical networks. At the receiver dwdm demultiplexer is employed to seperate out all os thr 1550nm signals. This tutorial adopts a stepbystep approach to explain all the necessary concepts of data warehousing. Pdf full form what is portable document format javatpoint. Hitless fwd maint indicator fmi sent to end points of lightpaths. The tutorial starts off with a basic overview and the terminologies involved in data mining and then gradually moves on to. Dense wdm common spacing may be 200, 100, 50, or 25 ghz with channel count reaching up to 128 or more channels at distances of several thousand kilometers with amplification and regeneration along such a route. They are based on optical technologies and components, and are used to route, groom, and restore wavelength levels and wavelengthbased services. Contents iv introduction to dwdm technology ol088401 optical fibers 26 how fiber works 26 multimode and singlemode fiber 27 singlemode fiber designs 28 transmission challenges 29 attenuation 29 dispersion 210 summary 212 light sources and detectors 2 light emittersleds and lasers 2 itu grid 214 light detectors 215 optical amplifiers 216 erbiumdoped fiber amplifier 216. This tutorial has been prepared for computer science graduates to help them understand the basictoadvanced concepts related to data mining. Pdf was developed in the early 1990s to view document as an electronic image. Dense wavelength division multiplexing dwdm is a fiberoptic transmission. Your contribution will go a long way in helping us serve more readers. Data mining is also called as knowledge discovery, knowledge extraction, datapattern analysis, information harvesting, etc.

Data warehousing and data mining notes pdf dwdm pdf notes free download. This tutorial addresses the importance of scalable dwdm systems in enabling. Pdf is a file format used to present documents in a special manner. By ayodeji morakinyo bimonthly presentation 38 it is obvious that dwdm enables bandwidth multiplication, provides extra resilience, improves scalability, permits multiple logical topologies over single physical man and therefore makes optical transmission more effective. Prerequisites before proceeding with this tutorial, you should have an understanding of the basic database concepts such as schema, er model, structured query language and a basic knowledge of data warehousing concepts. Due to availability of optical amplifiers at 1550nm and less attenuation at 1550nm dwdm systems operates at c band. This tutorial is divided into distinct chapters, which explains the structural features. It supports analytical reporting, structured andor ad hoc queries and decision making.

Dense wavelength division multiplexing dwdm electrical. Data mining is defined as the procedure of extracting information from huge sets of data. Due to higher dispersion conventional fibres are not used at these wavelengths. About the tutorial a data warehouse is constructed by integrating data from multiple heterogeneous sources. There are many tutorial notes on data mining in major databases, data mining, machine. Dwdm tutorial tutorial on dwdm basics rf wireless world. Data mining is defined as extracting the information from the huge set. Data warehousing and data mining pdf notes dwdm pdf. Since then, wdm has also taken the longhaul market by storm. Pdf version quick guide resources job search discussion. Data mining enables a retailer to use pointofsale records of customer.

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